Robert Cavelier de La Salle would have been 43 years old at the time of death or 371 years old today. Most of his expeditions took place in the Great Lakes region, Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico. As a young man, La Salle planned to enter the priesthood, but found himself unsuited to the life. Henri de Tonti joined his explorations as his lieutenant. 🙂, this was very good information for me thank you very much and nice work guys for all this good information. Robert did … In the meantime, the last remaining ship, La Belle, ran aground and sank in the bay. this was very good information for me thank you very much and nice work guys for all this good information. Natives there told him about the Mississippi River. They founded Fort Saint Louis, on Garcitas Creek in present-day Victoria, Texas vicinity. Robert de La Salle arrived in New France and quickly began issuing land grants. He thought that might be the way to get to China. At what later became the site of Memphis, Tennessee, he built the small Fort Prudhomme. He was a French explorer and he discovered places like the Mississippi River and Lake Ontario. Using the fort as a base, he undertook expeditions to the west and southwest in the interest of developing a vast fur-trading empire. Robert Cavelier de la Salle was on November 22, 1643, in Rouen, Normandy, France, into a wealthy merchant family. The Mississippi River connected North America with the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Biography of Jacques Cartier, Early Explorer of Canada, Biography of Bartolomé de Las Casas, Spanish Colonist, Meriwether Lewis: Biography of an American Explorer, American Revolution: Commodore John Paul Jones, The Battle of Fort Niagara in the French and Indian War, René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle: French Explorer, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle Biography, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. The expedition was plagued by pirates, hostile Indians, and poor navigation. He was born on 22nd November 1643 and died on 19th March 1687. In 1683, on his return voyage, La Salle established Fort Saint Louis of Illinois, at Starved Rock on the Illinois River, to replace Fort Crevecoeur. In 1682 he departed Fort Crevecoeur with a group of Frenchmen and Indians and canoed down the Mississippi River. He made an exploration in Gulf of Mexico, Mississippi River, and Great lakes region of US and Canada. While he was gone, Fort Crevecoeur was destroyed by mutinying soldiers. René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle /ləˈsæl/ (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a 17th-century French explorer and fur trader in North America. With Frontenac’s support, he received not only a fur trade concession, with permission to establish frontier forts, but also a title of nobility. La Salle and Tonti then sailed Le Griffon up Lake Erie and into Lake Huron to Michilimackinac, near the present-day Straits of Mackinac in Michigan, before reaching the site of today's Green Bay, Wisconsin. Robert de La Salle was one of the most successful explorers in the New World. The remaining colonists and crew landed in Matagorda Bay, in present-day Texas. Sailing DEATH Robert De La Salle GLOSSARY “ Missionary: a person or group sent on a mission to teach people Christianity. La Salle's expedition continued from there and eventually reached the Ohio River, which he followed as far as Louisville, Kentucky before he had to return to Montreal after several of his men deserted. He followed his brother Jean, a Jesuit priest, to Montreal, Canada (then called New France), and resigned from the Jesuit order in 1967. He was a landowner and merchant. Motives When Robert de la Salle set sail, he was in search of the Mississippi River, hoping that that was a passage to Asia. Nationality and Background I was born on November 22, 1643 near Rouen, France. As a man, he studied with the Jesuit religious order and became a member after taking initial vows in 1660. :), Copyright © 2021 The History Junkie | Bamboo on Trellis Framework by Mediavine, Charles Vane Facts, Biography, and Piracy, Wikipedia – Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, Mr. Nussbaum – Robert Sierra de La Salle Biography for kids, The History Junkie’s Guide to Famous Explorers, The History Junkie’s Guide to Colonial America, The History Junkie’s Guide to Louisiana Purchase Facts, Eight Reasons The Americans Won The Revolutionary War, Middle Colonies Facts, Economy, and Influence. Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. He grew to like science and nature and spent much time studying them and later became involved with the Jesuit religion. Robert de LaSalle was a French explorer. Robert Cavelier de la Salle (November 22, 1643–March 19, 1687) was a French explorer credited with claiming Louisiana and the Mississippi River Basin for France. In 1995, La Salle's last ship, La Belle, was found at the bottom of Matagorda Bay on the Texas coast. René Robert Cavelier war ein Sohn des wohlhabenden Kaufmanns Jean Cavelier in Rouen.Der Name „La Salle“, den er später annahm, stammte von einem Familienbesitz nahe Rouen. He named the Mississippi Basin La Louisiane in honor of King Louis XIV. La Salle built Fort Conti at the mouth of the Niagara River. This also allowed him to bypass the rapids in the Niagara river that led to Niagara Falls. Fun Facts about Robert de La Salle!=) We learned some very important facts about Robert de La Salle. On his fourth attempt to locate the Mississippi, 36 of his crew mutinied and on March 19, 1687, he was killed. They had four ships and 300 colonists. In 1674, La Salle returned to France to gain royal support for his land claims at Fort Frontenac. On April 9, 1682, at the mouth of the Mississippi River near modern Venice, Louisiana, he buried an engraved plate and a cross, claiming the territory for France. He also built a seven cannon barque that he used to navigate throughout the Northwest. He had land in Canada. They provide remarkable insights into the strategies and supplies that were used to establish colonies in 17th century North America. La Salle and his crew spent much of 1680 at Fort Miami. He wintered at Michilimackinac and returned to Montreal in the summer of 1681, following the orders of Frontenac. The fort, completed in 1673, was named after Louis de Baude Frontenac, the governor-general of New France. Robert De la Salle: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. First, Robert de la Salle went by Montreal. Archaeologists began a decades-long process of excavating, recovering, and conserving the ship's hull and more than 1.6 million well-preserved artifacts, including crates and barrels of items intended to support a new colony and supply a military expedition into Mexico: tools, cooking pots, trade goods, and weapons. When La Salle was younger he enjoyed science and nature. While the groups met and exchanged gifts, Frontenac’s men, led by La Salle, hastily constructed a rough wooden palisade on a point of land by a shallow, sheltered bay. [Samuel Willard Crompton] -- La Salle is one of the best-known but least-understood explorers of human history. La Salle then continued down the shore of Lake Michigan. In addition, he explored much of the Midwest region of what would become the United States as well as portions of Eastern Canada and the Great Lakes. La Salle's first expedition began in 1669. Another cool thing that we learned was that his first career.Also he was a Robert Cavalier, Sieur de LaSalle (1643-1687) December 4, 2020 December 29, 2020 Cassidy Already well known as an explorer and fur trader in Canada, Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de LaSalle wound his way in 1682 down the Mississippi, claiming … On this occasion he reached the Mississippi River but did not proceed further. Due to navigational errors, La Salle had overshot his planned landing spot, Apalachee Bay near the northwestern bend of Florida, by hundreds of miles. René Robert erhielt seine Erziehung am Jesuitenkolleg von Rouen und trat dem Orden als Novize bei.. 1666, im Alter von 22 Jahren, verließ er jedoch den Jesuitenorden und reiste in die französische … In 1682, he and his crew sailed down the Mississippi River. At the age of fifteen, he was enrolled in the Jesuit noviciate of Rouen, and he took his vows in 1660. He was only 43 years old and had accomplished much. Robert de La Salle, also called Robert Sieur de la Salle, was a famous French explorer. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Most of his expeditions took place in the Great Lakes region, Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico. La Salle was known for exploring the Great Lakes Region, the Ohio River, Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. Robert de la Salle was born in France in the early 1600's. He set up a village and trade post where he learned to speak the native tongue of the Iroquois since he mostly dealt with the Mohawk tribe. Posted on Last updated: April 25, 2020 By: Author Russell Yost. Robert Cavelier de La Salle was born on November 22, 1643 and died on March 19, 1687. Profile von Personen mit dem Namen Robert de La Salle anzeigen. Facebook은 소통을 통해 하나로 연결되는 세상을 만들어 갑니다. He was granted support and a fur trade allowance, permission to establish additional forts in the frontier, and a title of nobility. Originally the fort was named Fort Cataraqui but was later renamed Fort Frontenac by La Salle in honor of his patron. 이름이 Robert de La Salle인 사람들의 프로필을 확인해보세요. He was born on November 21, 1643, in Rouen, France. In 1683 La Salle established Fort St. Louis at Starved Rock in Illinois and left Tonti in charge while he returned to France to resupply. Before the voyage, La Salle's crew brought in supplies from Fort Frontenac, avoiding Niagara Falls by using a portage around the falls established by Indigenous peoples and carrying their supplies into Fort Conti. La Salle believed that the Mississippi flowed into the Gulf of California and from there, he thought, he would be able to find a western route to China. At the age of 24, he followed his brother to Canada, where he entered the fur trade. La Salle claimed the entire Mississippi basin for France. Le nom de « de La Salle », qu'il portera plus tard provient d'une propriété familiale dans les environs de Rouen1. On his last voyage, his attempt to set up a French colony at the mouth of the Mississippi River met with disaster. Robert de La Salle wanted to find a waterway across North America to reach China. Robert de La Salle sailed to find a trade route with the east. Robert De LaSalle 2. One ship was lost to pirates in the West Indies, a second sank in the inlets of Matagorda Bay, and a third ran aground there. Il étudie au collège des jésuites de Rouen (actuellement, il s'agit du lycée Pierre Corneille) et entre au noviciat de la Compagnie de Jésus, au sei… They established a settlement near what became Victoria, Texas, and La Salle began searching overland for the Mississippi River. He explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico. Afficher les profils des personnes qui s’appellent Robert de La Salle. Rene-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, French explorer who claimed the basin of the Mississippi River and its tributaries for Louis XIV of France, naming the region ‘Louisiana.’ In 1687, while on an expedition seeking the mouth of the Mississippi River, he was murdered by his men. Among La Salle's other important contributions was his exploration of the Great Lakes region and the Mississippi Basin. In December, they followed the river to South Bend, Indiana, where it joins the Kankakee River, then along this river to the Illinois River, establishing Fort Crevecoeur near what is today Peoria, Illinois. After assembling a new crew including 18 Indigenous peoples and reuniting with Tonti, La Salle began the expedition he is most known for. Leben. In January 1680, he built Fort Miami at the mouth of the Miami River, now the St. Joseph River, in today's St. Joseph, Michigan. The preserved hull of La Belle and many recovered artifacts are displayed in the Bullock Texas State History Museum in Austin. The expedition was to begin at Fort Conti at the mouth of the Niagara River and Lake Ontario. He is best known for an early 1682 expedition in which he canoed the lower Mississippi River from the mouth of the Illinois River to the Gulf of Mexico and claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France. Robert de LaSalle 1. My father’s name is Jean Cavelier. On July 24, 1684, He departed France and returned to America with a large expedition designed to establish a French colony on the Gulf of Mexico, at the mouth of the Mississippi River. La Salle was left in command of the fort in 1673. Robert de La Salle님과 다른 지인들과의 연락을 위해 Facebook에 가입하세요. Robert calls Roswell, GA, home. After a brief visit to Montreal in the summer of 1680, during which he attempted, with little effect, to satisfy his creditors, La Salle again set out for the Illinois country. Learning how to navigate the great river would allow La Salle to set up many trading posts that he could navigate quickly and create a network that would enhance the wealth of France and himself. Robert de La Salle. While he was exploring New France he left the Jesuit religion. The network of forts he had built and his exploration of the Mississippi River gave France a significant foothold in the New World that they would keep until their loss of the French and Indian War. He named his land Lachine, reportedly because it means "China" in French; La Salle spent much of his life trying to find a route through the New World to China. La Belle was one of Robert de La Salle's four ships when he explored the Gulf of Mexico with the ill-fated mission of starting a French colony at the mouth of the Mississippi River in 1685. Upon his return to Canada, La Salle oversaw the building of Fort Frontenac, on the eastern coast of Lake Ontario in present-day Kingston, Ontario, which was intended as a station for the area's growing fur trade. Get this from a library! The expedition started with four ships and 300 colonists, but in an extraordinary run of bad luck during the journey, three of the ships were lost to pirates and shipwreck. He was sent by King Louis XIV (14) to travel south from Canada and sail down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. La Salle left Tonti in charge of the fort and returned to Fort Frontenac for supplies. in geography and a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic information Systems (GIS). Biography Edit. Route. On April 9, 1682, La Salle placed an engraved plate and a cross at the mouth of the Mississippi River, officially claiming the Louisiana Territory for France. By age 22, however, La Salle found himself attracted to adventure. La Salle was born on November 22, 1643 in Rouen, Normandy and was briefly a member of the Jesuit religious order, taking his vows in 1660. On July 12, 1673, the Governor of New France, Louis de Buade de Frontenac, arrived at the mouth of the Cataraqui River to meet with leaders of the Five Nations of the Iroquois to encourage them to trade with the French. René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was a French explorer best known for leading an expedition down the Mississippi River, claiming the region for France. In 1684, La Salle set sail from Europe to establish a French colony on the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Mississippi River. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. After a conference with the governor and the stalling of his principal creditor, La Salle headed westward once more, determined this time to reach the mouth of th… I was born into an extremely wealthy family. The fort was also meant to be a bulwark against the English and Dutch, who were competing with the French for control of the fur trade. After receiving permission from the governor of New France, La Salle sold his interests in Lachine and began planning an expedition. Then, he explored the Great Lakes. He established more forts around Lake Michigan and continued to build his network. He belonged to a wealthy middle-class family. He was the first European to make contact with many native tribes and due to his work the French were able to set up many trading posts along the Mississippi River and its tributaries. He explored present day Wisconsin and most of the coastal cities around the Great Lakes list him as the first European to set foot on their land. He was the first European to make contact with many native tribes and due to his work the French were able to set up many trading posts along the Mississippi River and its tributaries. After his death, the settlement lasted only until 1688, when local Indigenous peoples killed the remaining adults and took the children captive. He had an untimely death, but his work set the stage for France and its new territorial gains for close to 100 years. René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was born at Rouen, in Normandy, on the twenty-first of November, 1643. One thing we learned was that he was the first European to trale the langth of the Mississippis River. Cavelier de la Salle, aka René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1697) French Explorer & Fur Trader in North America, meeting Native Americans who Propose a Peace Pipe. Join Facebook to connect with Robert de La Salle and others you may know. Their expeditions and discoveries set the stage for La Salle to explore the Great Lakes and Mississippi River. René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle: North American Explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1687) was a French explorer. His father was Jean Cavelier, and his mother was Catherine Geeset. Robert de La Salle was born on November 21, 1643, into a comfortably well-off family in Rouen, France, in the parish Saint-Herbland. La Belle was wrecked in present-day Matagorda Bay the following year, dooming La Salle's Texas colony to failure. This allowed him to move his furs from Frontenac through shallow water with canoes or other small vessels to speed up their distribution. He did some exploring, but no one is sure where he went at this time. Robert D Lasalle, Robie D Lasalle, Robert De-la Salle, Robert L De La Salle and Robert L De Lasalle are some of the alias or nicknames that Robert has used. Read more about La Salle here. She holds an M.A. Amanda Briney is a professional geographer. During this venture, he met Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette, two White explorers, in Hamilton, Ontario. La Salle was originally a Norman Jesuit but in 1667 he was ousted from the order for moral weaknesses. La Salle was no doubt influenced by previous French expeditions by Jacques Cartier and Samuel de Champlain who forged what was known as New France. Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1687) was a French explorer who was a puppet of the Knights Templar.He served as Governor of Louisiana from 1682 until his assassination by the Assassin Louie Bevill.. He named the Mississippi basin La Louisiane in honor of Louis XIV and claimed it for France. His claiming of Louisiana for France contributed to distinctive physical layouts of cities in the far-ranging territory and to the culture of its residents. With his newfound success, La Salle returned to Canada and rebuilt Fort Frontenac in stone. Upon his arrival as a colonist, La Salle was granted 400 acres of land on the Island of Montreal. Robert de La Salle was one of the most successful explorers in the New World. During his final attempt to locate the mouth of the Mississippi River, La Salle’s men mutinied and killed the great explorer. René-Robert Cavelier est le fils de Jean Cavelier, riche commerçant, et de Catherine Geest. He attended Jesuit schools as a child and adolescent and decided to give up his inheritance and take the vows of the Jesuit Order in 1660 to start the process of becoming a Roman Catholic priest. Robert de La Salle led an expedition on the Mississippi River, and during the trek, he claimed the area for France. The purpose of Fort Frontenac was to control the lucrative fur trade in the Great Lakes Basin to the west. Robert de La Salle Samuel Willard Crompton No preview available - 2009. He quickly acquired the language of the Iroquois, who told him of the Ohio River, which they said flowed into the Mississippi. La Salle issued land grants of Lachine, set up a village, and set out to learn the languages of the Indigenous people living in the area. Our family comes from a long line of influential and Aristocratic people. Robert de la Salle never found the Northwest Passage, did not discover the Mississippi River, and failed to establish a fort guarding this river along the Gulf of Mexico. In 1679, he left Fort Frotenac in Ontario, Canada, searching for a water route to the Pacific, only to end up on the Mississippi River. Two years later, Joliet and Marquette succeeded where La Salle had failed when they navigated the upper Mississippi River. When traveling, Robert de la Salle followed the Mississippi River because he thought that it was a passage to Asia, but it wasn't. The basin of Mississippi River was claimed by LaSalle for France. He explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico. On Aug. 7, 1679, La Salle and Italian explorer Henri de Tonti set sail on Le Griffon, a ship he had built that became the first full-size sailing ship to travel the Great Lakes. Summary: Robert Delasalle is 69 years old and was born on 10/04/1951. Thanks to his powerful protector, the famous explorer managed, during a voyage to France in 1674–75, to secure for himself the grant of Fort Cataraqui and acquired letters of nobility for himself and his descendants. Learn how your comment data is processed. He showed an interest in exploration and navigation. Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle, was born in Rouen, France in 1643. Cobblestone. Early life. La Salle became hostile to the organization, and in … La Salle reassembled a party for another major expedition. La Salle was born on November 22, 1643 to a wealthy family in Rouen, France. Il a reçu au baptême Nicolas Geest pour parrain et Marguerite Morin pour marraine. He returned and rebuilt Frontenac in stone. View the profiles of people named Robert de La Salle. Sentence: works cited You can encorage people to be christan by being a missionary Sulpicians: 1)Blohm, Craig E. "La Salle and the Mississippi." After that, he followed the MIssissippi River south until he reached Louisiana. Facts about Robert de LaSalle talk about a French explorer. La Salle never married and he did not have any children. Robert Cavelier de la Salle (November 22, 1643–March 19, 1687) was a French explorer credited with claiming Louisiana and the Mississippi River Basin for France. He was also searching for riches. He appointed Tonti to command the fort while he traveled to France for supplies. Common terms and phrases. Through this relationship he learned of the Mississippi River and its tributaries. And had accomplished much in France in the interest of developing a vast empire... Indians, and he took his vows in 1660 where he went at this.. La Belle was wrecked in present-day Matagorda Bay, in present-day Texas dans les de. Jesuit noviciate of Rouen, France tard provient d'une propriété familiale dans environs. A man, La Salle was born in France robert de la salle the meantime, the last remaining ship, La,. 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