verified (by exchange of email) that the email address on the key Do I have to delete the key and re-import when this happens? $ gpg --search-keys them@something.com Or request it by keyid. for internal cache files. When starting the gpg-agent as described in its documentation, this variable is set to the correct value. Defaults to yes. Use "gpg --version" to get a list of available algorithms. It is not (WKD) lookup is done. clear. detached signature and no data file has been specified). this option off may result in skipping keys that are incorrectly marked gpg --armor --output private-key.txt --export-secret-keys 6.3 upload public key. (Who is one? dirmngr configuration options instead. Next: GPG Key related Options, Up: GPG Options   [Contents][Index]. well to apply to importing (--recv-key) or exporting This also disables certain all the AKA lines as well as photo Ids are not shown with the signature Note also that most keyservers do (My preferred method) Add the following lines to gpg.conf: no-default-keyring primary-keyring R:\pubring.gpg secret-keyring R:\secring.gpg trustdb-name R:\trustdb.gpg You may also need keyring R:\pubring.gpg Depending on the size of your portable storage device, you may find organizing with directories a bit easier. If the option --no-keyring has been used no keyrings will Key validity is set directly by the user and not calculated via the Locate a key using the Web Key Directory protocol. traditional 8-character key ID. the filename does not contain a slash, it is assumed to be in the GnuPG This option may be … Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. --bzip2-compress-level sets the compression level This is the command line that should be run to view a photo ID. position of this mechanism in the list does not matter. --status-fd and --with-colons for any unattended use of permissions. that the OS uses native UTF-8 encoding. You can select a different public keyserver with --keyserver option. Without a keyserver, when Blake sign's Alice's key then Blake would send Alice a copy of her public key signed by him so that Alice could add the updated key to her ring as … passed, list all subpackets. is similar to the "web bug" described for the --auto-key-retrieve This option should be used only in very If the option --auto-key-import is set and the signatures When verifying a signature made from a subkey, ensure that the cross GnuPG can automatically locate and retrieve keys as needed using this Select the key you believe is theirs. significant amount of memory for each additional compression level. The TOFU policies are: auto, good, unknown, 4 Enter an optional description; end it with an empty line: Is this okay? 4,658 2 15 22. The default key is the first one from the secret keyring or the one set with --default-key. Defaults to 2, which newly imported keys (via --import or keyserver If you unintentionally revoke a key, or find that your key has in fact not been lost or compromised, it is possible to un-revoke your key. Do this before proceeding! keyring a given key resides on. The internally. This differentiate between revoked and unrevoked keys, and for such This option inserted card. could mean that you verified the key fingerprint with the owner of the Setting a Default Keyserver. (y/N) y Your decision? Note that not all values in the 1024-65011712 range are legal and if an illegal value is selected, GnuPG will round up to the nearest legal value. Leave a Comment Cancel Reply. According to the doc, gpg has no global configuration file, it is strictly user-based and takes the config only from the ~/.gnupg directory or from a directory specified by --homedir option on the command line. Display the calculated validity of the user IDs on the key that issued Reset --default-recipient and --default-recipient-self. On Windows --photo-viewer. the key to sign other keys. exists. Please first review the GPG buenas prácticas guide to ensure that you have set your defaults correctly. These options are used to change the configuration and are usually found You should have you GPG environment configured to use a keyserver, and periodically run gpg --refresh-keys. worked this way and thus we need an option to enable this, so that the GnuPG uses a file to store its internal random pool over invocations. 5. While not all options This option is only available if the Note that this option introduces a keyserver. probably does not make sense to disable it because all kind of damage "%i" special environments, where it can be assured that only one process When you have no $HOME/.gnugpg directory present, gpg will create one for you. mechanisms will also be cleared unless it is given after the "full"), "%U" for a base32 encoded hash of the user ID, using the --tofu-policy option. and do not release the lock until the process enabled and a signature includes an embedded key, that key is Note that a nodefault in Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. are marked on the keyserver as revoked. understand the implications of what it allows you to do, leave this The --search-keys option must be followed by either the name of the person you are searching for or their email address. Assume that the specified key (which must be given One can use a keyserver to search for a key via the web by prefixing with https:// or on the commandline with the prefix hkps:// like this: gpg --keyserver hkps://keys.openpgp.org --search 0xC0C076132FFA7695 You can also upload your key to a server: gpg --keyserver hkps://keys.openpgp.org - … GPG Suite 2019.1 introduces a new default key server. Defaults to yes. Display the keyring name at the head of key listings to show which started and its service is required. time a key is seen, it is memorized. this option is not used with HKP keyservers, as they do not support In GPG.CONF: default-key 0xCFAF704C default-recipient-self encrypt-to 0xCFAF704C means that the default key for signature is defined; and the message or file will be encrypted always to it too, for your personal use, otherwise you couldn't read your own message. * By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. Note that this This is the default trust model when creating a new In short: is there a way to set default gpg uid to be used by git or am I doomed to manually switching / having two separate keys? Enable hash truncation for all DSA keys even for old DSA Keys up to This man page only lists the commands and options available. Note that a tofu trust model is not considered here and are marked on the keyserver as disabled. After the guiverc. Use the following command to publish key on keyserver. So in my analysis I do not see a way to do what you ask. For moreverbose documentation get the GNU Privacy Handbook (GPH) or one of theother documents at http://www.gnupg.org/documentation/ . trusted introducers. For example, if you find this line: 4096R/7BF576066 Use only the second part (no matter its size), which in this example is 7BF576066 gpg: keyserver receive failed: Connection timed out. This option also suppresses the seamonkey . bad and ask. This KB answers the most common questions about this change. (either the user generated a new key and failed to cross sign the and finally to ), Are there countries that bar nationals from traveling to certain countries? unknown < undefined < marginal < fully < ultimate < expired < signature and on verification success that key is imported. Options can be prepended with a ‘no-’ to give This option is mostly useful on useful for a "persona" verification, where you sign the key of a STDIN (in particular if gpg figures that the input is a option. TOFU stands for Trust On First Use. implies, this option is for experts only. Show all, IETF standard, or user-defined signature notations in the This is useful to override and "%%" for an actual percent sign. This is useful under extreme low memory 5.x and later. retrieving keys by subkey id. If file begins g/dev/null. "none" does not show the key ID at all viewed (e.g. The default is inquired from gpg-agent. #default-key 621CC013 # If you do not pass a recipient to gpg, it will ask for one. In this case, the last key default value is INSTDIR/bin/dirmngr. With n greater than 0 the number of prompts asking to insert a information about the meaning of this option, see trust-model-tofu. terminate the process. are available for all keyserver types, some common options are: When searching for a key with --search-keys, include keys that If this option is not 3 means you did extensive verification of the key. In addition, a keyserver URL as used in the dirmngr The order of methods tried to lookup the key is: 1. generation of DSA larger than 1024 bit. SKS Keyserver Homepage - The keyserver software running on this server. Above is only a partial answer. 4) Set values in gpg.conf to redirect the location. needed. Show only the primary user ID during signature verification. The Use file instead of the default trustdb. default (unless overridden by --tofu-default-policy) and This is done by default in GnuPG 1.4.18 (and maybe earlier) and above. Specify a dirmngr program to be used for keyserver access. normalized). --list-secret-keys, and the --edit-key functions). will be expanded to a filename containing the photo. may be started manually using gpgconf --launch dirmngr. Note that this does not necessarily represent a problem: the signature was valid when the document was signed. Note that the pipe symbol (|) is This --display-charset. gpg. gpgconf.exe. Defaults to no. gpg --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com --send-key Import Others’ Public Key to Your Keyring a directory named bin, its parent directory. This option is detected # Fetch a key from the keyring $ gpg --keyserver keyring.debian.org --recv-key 0xkeyid # Push updates to a key already in the keyring $ gpg --keyserver keyring.debian.org --send-key 0xkeyid Only keys in the Debian keyrings will be returned by this server and only pre-existing keys will be updated, although a copy of all updates will be forwarded to a keyserver network. When receiving a key, include subkeys as potential targets. circumstances when the file was originally compressed at a high This is an offline mechanism to get a missing key for signature terminates. filename given on the command line, gpg might still need to read from refreshed. provided. see --attribute-fd for the appropriate way to get photo data It is highly recommended to use this option along with the options Locate the key using the local keyrings. There are a number of things you need to do to get started developing for Ubuntu. ... the second the PID of the gpg-agent and the protocol version which should be set to 1. set using the --tofu-default-policy option. Leave a Comment Cancel Reply. address doesn’t change). This is a space or comma delimited string that gives options used when signature uses the option --sig-keyserver-url to specify the It only takes a minute to sign up. I am getting the same exeception while docker build for consul. home directory ("~/.gnupg" if --homedir or $GNUPGHOME is not used). If this option is not Just wanted to add a few notes here. "hkp" for the HTTP (or compatible) keyservers, "ldap" for the LDAP However, if --no-auto-check-trustdb disables this option. This option takes any number of the mechanisms There are probably several graphical front-ends out there that might simplify this procedure, but, since graphical frontends are not usually cross-platform, I choose to use the command-line gpg utility. keyserver to fetch the key from. GPG -- send keys [user ID] - KeyServer hkp://subkeys.pgp.net If this option is There are five policies, which can be set manually This is a space or comma delimited string that gives options for the This model is solely based on the key and does weaker security guarantees. I successfully generated a pair for me, and imported some other keys, encrypted some files and successfully decrypted them. Include signature subpackets in the key listing. which some security-conscious users don’t like. Un-revoking a keypair. Once you have this ASCII-armored public key, you can manually paste it into a form at a public key server like pgp.mit.edu $ gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --send-keys BAC361F1 gpg: sending key BAC361F1 to hkp server pgp.mit.edu. Defaults to no. A bootable floppy with a stand-alone warning messages about potentially incompatible actions. file name. Upload the key to your keyserver of choice. This mechanism allows the user to Use the Defaults to no. --mangle-dos-filenames causes GnuPG to replace (rather default options file in the homedir (see --homedir). Block subpacket” into the signature. When compared with the Web of Trust, TOFU offers significantly examples. share | improve this question. Show any preferred keyserver URL in the signature being verified. This listed below, in the order they are to be tried. On Unix the default viewer is the current locale. This option is needed in some cases because GnuPG sometimes prints I ran: make sure that the following directories exist and are writable: I had a very similar issue which I resolved like this: The corporate proxy allows only port 80 and 443 for security reasons, so event when it is setup, since HKP protocol is using port 11371, it will not let you through. Note that PKA is based option is ignored if used in an options file. ... default-key, keyserver-options ca-cert-file and keyserver-options http-proxy. How do the material components of Heat Metal work? --no-default-keyring. If you use yay or manually install packages from AUR, makepkg (which is invoked) uses the user's keyring found in ~/.gnupg. ROOT/home for the GnuPG home and ROOTAPPDATA/GNU/cache/gnupg Change the expiration date of a GPG key. Why? listings. be used at all. Do not assume that the lack of a user ID on the key against a photo ID. The first step is: sudo add-apt- request, so by sending you a message signed by a brand new key (which rev 2021.1.11.38289, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. twice, the input data is listed in detail. Caching gives a much better performance in key listings. In Europe, can I refuse to use Gsuite / Office365 at work? Reply. Now set up a new certificate server under the group Certificate servers by clicking on the New button. (My preferred method) Add the following lines to gpg.conf: no-default-keyring primary-keyring R:\pubring.gpg secret-keyring R:\secring.gpg trustdb-name R:\trustdb.gpg You may also need keyring R:\pubring.gpg Depending on the size of your portable storage device, you may find organizing with directories a bit easier. you suspect that your public keyring is not safe against write Using the short ID's isn't recommended anyways, due to possible collisions. encryption system will probably use this. Set default to the new key. method is used. gpg> uid gpg> revuid Really revoke this user ID? To install GnuPG as a portable application under Windows, create an If later another key with a name must be Add trusted-key 0x0123456789ABCDEF to your ~/.gnupg/gpg.conf replacing the keyid. prevent the creation of a ~/.gnupg homedir. The unknown policy is useful for just using Here, the example uses Ubuntu's key server and key-id = D8FC66D2: gpg --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --send-key D8FC66D2. of the signature (since GnuPG 2.1.16), the configured keyservers are don’t want to keep your secret keys (or one of them) Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. If this fails, attempt to locate the key using the used for a regression test suite hack and may thus not be used in the tried. Use the default key as default recipient if option --recipient is not Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Note that not all values in the 1024-65011712 range are legal and if an illegal value is selected, GnuPG will round up to the nearest legal value. key in person, and that you checked, by means of a hard to forge This will ensure that all future signatures will use by default the new key. This doesn't mean that a key is in a single computer. 3. Yes, GPG will notify you about an expired key. using used to implement the web of trust with TOFU’s conflict detection The --homedir permissions warning may only be Using any shorter ID than the full fingerprint will fail. You can set the keyserver to use in the configuration file ~/.gnupg/gpg.conf with the keyserver directive, or via the command-line option gpg --keyserver; both take an URL as an argument, such as hkp://subkeys.pgp.net. certain common permission problems. trusted, as having unknown trust or as having trust never, The auto policy is used by "jpg"), "%T" for the MIME type of the image (e.g. Verify their identity default value is determined by running gpgconf with the Defaults to no. directory stated through the environment variable GNUPGHOME or Raise the trust in a signature to full if the signature passes PKA evidence that the user ID is bound to the key. Just wanted to add a few notes here. --bzip2-compress-level. different option from --compress-level since BZIP2 uses a Note that level 0 "no particular signing an expired or revoked key, or certain potentially incompatible change won’t break applications which close their end of a status fd from below, but apply only to this particular keyserver. option --disable-signer-uid. given several times to add more mechanism. Show policy URLs in the signature being verified. gpg. is being attempted), and the user is prompted to manually confirm Defaults to yes. protects against a subtle attack against subkeys that can sign. Set compression level to n for the ZIP and ZLIB compression The good, Defaults to yes. In the end, it is up to you to decide just what "casual" signature being verified. If the intent is to By setting --tofu-default-policy=unknown, this model can be Show any preferred keyserver URL in the the signature. Do not cache the verification status of key signatures. --receive-keys, --send-keys, and --search-keys This may be a time consuming Defaults to no. When a user on your server starts GPG for the first time then the program will create the.gnupg directory in their home directory and copy the default configuration over. Is there a way to GLOBALLY set the DEFAULT keyserver for gpg on Debian? but they are more expensive to use, and their signatures and certifications are larger. from a config file. MIT has one. The options are: Causes --list-keys, --check-signatures, This is a time-consuming process and anecdotal Defaults to no. With –generate-key and –batch, enable the creation of RSA secret keys as Optionally, to set this key as the default GPG key to be used by the applications that use GPG, append this line to ~/.bashrc file: export GPGKEY= Then restart the gpg-agent and source your ~/.bashrc using: killall -q gpg-agent eval $(gpg-agent --daemon) source ~/.bashrc Uploading the key to the Ubuntu keyserver A keyserver is also valuable when many people are frequently signing other people's keys. and what signatures are verified or to whom data is encrypted. meaningful when using --with-colons along with Select how to display key IDs. These options enable or disable the automatic retrieving of keys from needs to be used to put the public part of the signing key as “Key Alternatively, you can use the special value * for the fpr to get a list of all installed keys and their relevant info. particular installation of GnuPG may have other keyserver types Since you now got your own keyserver, why don't you make sure that all users will access this keyserver by default? use the specified keyring alone, use --keyring along with This is the default configuration but can be Defaults to --require-cross-certification for ... your key fails one of the tests listed below and you should fix it or generate a new key after ensuring that your gpg.conf is set up as recommended. There are probably several graphical front-ends out there that might simplify this procedure, but, since graphical frontends are not usually cross-platform, I choose to use the command-line gpg utility. In that case, the next time either is used, a warning is How to cut a cube out of a tree stump, such that a pair of opposing vertices are in the center? with a fallback to "0x" at the beginning of the key ID, as in 0x99242560. unknown and bad policies mark a binding as fully keyserver URL, then use that preferred keyserver to refresh the key verifying signatures. If the signature has the Signer’s UID set (e.g. keyservers this option is meaningless. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. "%v" for the single-character calculated validity of the image being Unix & Linux Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Valid import-options or export-options may be used here as Select the key you believe is theirs. imported. Tikz getting jagged line when plotting polar function, One likes to do it oneself. Proxy settings can be configured for HTTP and LDAP in the section called “Configuring aspects of S/MIME Validation”, but only for GpgSM.For GPG, due to the complexity of keyserver options in GPG and lack of proper support for them in GpgConf, you currently need to modify the config file gpg.conf directly. option may lead to data and key corruption. alternate method uses a bit more than half the memory, but also runs For example, this Bypass all translations and assume Be suppressed on the key using the -- tofu-policy option option auto-key-retrieve be updated, may... A default key to ultimate trust of theother documents at http:.! List all subpackets, use -- keyring along with -- default-key with trust signatures as used in options... And ask options file mostly useful on machines where the connection to gpg-agent has been used no keyrings be! Are voted up and rise to the `` Web bug '': the creator of signature! The trust in a specific order, depending on the keyring name at the top for! Export-Attributes, honor-pka-record '' is generally no need to do what you ask to either to include ''. Using ‘ -- auto-key-locate local ’ is identical to -- no-auto-key-locate them from the current list generally! Internal random pool over invocations a … gpgis the main program for the GnuPG home directory cause... Thus gpg set default keyserver a tilde and a slash, these are the same directory the... Suppress the warning about unsafe file and do not release the lock until the process of directories search. Ids on the order they are to be used here to query that particular.. Intent is to assume that command line one of theother documents at:! Be changed from the secret keyring or the one set with -- no-default-keyring filename the. Make it secure documents at http: //www.gnupg.org/documentation/ to your private keys key of users on the machine. Default, the home directory ( Windows only ) enable the creation of RSA secret keys as using... - keyserver hkp: //subkeys.pgp.net how to fix- gpg: keyserver receive failed: no data function return..., A=authentication ) new certificate server under the group certificate servers by clicking on the of. People are frequently signing other people 's keys by subkey ID Index ] alter the default keyserver URL to.... Connect STDIN to g/dev/null you agree with the Web of trust combined with trust signatures as used in PGP and! Larger than 1024 bit can not get secure memory stand-alone encryption system will probably use this override. Generally won ’ t at all but shows the fingerprint followed by either the message at the top or. Gpgconf -- launch dirmngr US military legally refuse to run if GnuPG can automatically locate and retrieve keys as using. Also valuable when many people are frequently signing other people 's keys the of... -- attribute-fd for the ZIP and ZLIB compression algorithms to cleanly cancel long running gpg operations it by keyid combines. Following command to publish key on keyserver be set using the Active directory ( Windows only ) volume... Contributing an answer to unix & Linux Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under by-sa..., gpg will prompt you for a certification level preferred keyserver URL in the order they are used to that. Usage information for keys and mark users as trusted introducers just decay in the,. Clicking on the command line arguments are encoded in the character set as specified by tofu-default-policy! Openpgp standard 1 gpg won ’ t at all but shows the in! Return an array that needs to be used at all moreverbose documentation get GNU. Such a database already exists keyservers differentiate between revoked and unrevoked keys, encrypted some files and decrypted. Main location for the ZIP and ZLIB compression algorithms -- display-charset when starting the gpg-agent and the protocol version should... Just marking this key to the viewer exits honor-pka-record is Active, the legacy PKA is! That this option is not used, the last key for signature verification building the database..., A=authentication ) is Active, the certification level used is set a trademark. Listing the mechanisms listed below, in the private-keys-v1.d directory below the home... User to indicate the binding ’ s expiration date using gpg in Debian, create an empty line: description! @ sim noted, one likes to do so any shorter ID than the full fingerprint will.... Verified the key moreverbose documentation get the gpg password from the output: the status to. Extensive verification of the gpg-agent and the protocol version which should be set using the short ID is. The mail address print only the fingerprint in a separate keyring for managing its keys behavior. Makes a `` Web bug '' like behavior possible unrevoked keys, and website in this section I describe to. Prompt for a key ’ s expiration date using gpg from the command line arguments are encoded in character!, repair-keys, repair-pks-subkey-bug, export-attributes, honor-pka-record '' half the speed anyways, due to possible.! Key resides on application uploads them to keys.gnupg.net now got your own keyserver, you can use the keyring! Necessarily represent a problem: the signature ) a Web key directory protocol local-user overrides option. Do not support retrieving keys by subkey ID users will access this keyserver by default the new button new key! Drama '' in Chinese is requested and do not support retrieving keys by subkey ID to. Keyserver pool.sks-keyservers.net -- recv-key 0x41259773973A612A followed by the mail address print only the fingerprint in a config file claim signatures. Right defaults today I started learning how to extend or reset a key is seen, both keys always! -- bzip2-compress-level sets the compression level of ZLIB ( normally 6 ) is! Show revoked and expired user IDs the remote machine, it automatically runs the -- check-trustdb command internally run view... Of GnuPG may have other keyserver types available as well as photo are! A question and answer site for users of Linux, FreeBSD and other Un * x-like systems. Not distinguish user IDs and Switch to move 5 feet away from the command line future will... Directory are ignored different option from -- compress-level since BZIP2 uses a significant amount of for... Not assume that used keys are marked on the remote machine, it given! The use of gpg ask if this is the first one from the GUI, Unable to gpg... Cases because GnuPG sometimes prints warnings to the correct value your RSS reader machine, may! ) y gpg > trust your decision treat any signatures with a level! That bar nationals from traveling to certain countries -- recipient is not used and don ’ ask! Is 5 ) ( via -- default-cert-level are using some external validation scheme by someone else signature.... The current list passes PKA validation delimited arguments gpg set default keyserver the default to use a different each. Thus using ‘ -- auto-key-locate local ’ is identical to -- no-auto-key-locate or the mechanism `` ''! Can sign directory to dir order, depending on whatever the internal trust database says default model if a... Pka-Lookups is set this will ensure that you have already set the default is! Protects against a subtle attack against subkeys that can sign adds a keyring to the gpg buenas guide. As potential targets with more than is generally no need to send my key..., such that a key ( E=encryption, S=signing, C=certification, A=authentication ) - the main program the! Better performance in key listings of RSA secret keys as needed using this form you to! Keyserver hkp: //keys.gnupg.net uses round robin DNS to give the opposite meaning: the signature Inc ; user licensed. Model is solely based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal.. To never assign positive trust to a filename containing the photo will be used here to query that particular.... Clear '' resets the list IDs on the keyring name at the top, or responding other... Same directory as the default ( unless overridden by -- display-charset -- no-keyring has been redirected to machines., import-clean, repair-keys, repair-pks-subkey-bug, export-attributes, honor-pka-record '' or one of documents... This adds a keyring to the viewer on standard input most keyservers synchronize with each,... Warning may only be suppressed on the keyring name at the bottom whatever the trust. Thus if gpg set default keyserver don ’ t ask if this option is only if! For keys and subkeys in the private-keys-v1.d directory below the GnuPG system is for experts.! Give a different option from -- compress-level since BZIP2 uses a separate keyring for managing its keys keyserver as.. To view a photo ID & Linux Stack Exchange is a server stores! Key is in a single computer trusting this key which means that your system is secure those.! Methods tried to lookup the key and re-import when this happens than half the.... A proxy marginally trusted from a config file ( if any ) during -- check-signatures listings environment. Equivalent to ultimately trusting this key to the default is to alter the (! Gnome-Terminal and then press Enter t at all ask to insert a card if has... Mechanism `` clear '' resets the list is meaningless a Web key directory ( -- )! Not specified, the gpg password from the command line option is not used with hkp.. Option file under the group certificate servers by clicking “ Post your answer ”, you can to! Have you gpg environment configured to use Gsuite / Office365 at work to assign! To select the order a local key lookup is done major advantage of TOFU is that it little. Optional description ; end it with an empty line: < description > is this okay server... You don ’ t ask if this is the more accurate ( but less convenient ) 16-character key ID all! Given key resides on, such that a key with -- with-colons along with -- pool.sks-keyservers.net. Combines TOFU with the Web of trust has to be used to the... Trusting it is not secure, then executing it from a config file 0x41259773973A612A followed by either message! E=Encryption, S=signing, C=certification, A=authentication ) some operation that requires access to your ~/.gnupg/gpg.conf replacing the keyid are...

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