All Rights Reserved. Your county They’ll also do well in a conservatory, though the leaves may scorch on the hottest summer days. They’re capable of surviving temperatures down to 20 degrees. Bromeliads need fertilizer but use it at half strength or less during the summer months. In their natural habitat they are often found perched on the high rocky cliffs of Brazil. flower spikes that can last from a few weeks to six months. Propagating Bromeliads . by Steve (Derby, UK) Small plant about 18 inches across with long dark green spikey leaves like a bromeliad producing spectacular pendulous red flowers Drought Smart Plants reply: Aechmea fasciata is also called “Urn Plant”. The amount of light can affect a bromeliad's leaf color, leaf shape, and growth rate. Bromeliads 101. The inflorescence have the appearance of very small garlic clove. Bromeliads are plants that are adapted to a number of climates. Many bromeliads are short-stemmed epiphytes that live in trees or on cacti, though a number are terrestrial. the card from the store shows a species more like NEOREGELIA, but i don’t trust tht as i have 5 heads coming out of the tank. One winter quite by accident, I left the matchstick bromeliad outdoors. After your plant flowers, you'll have a year or two to keep it healthy and encourage it to produce new plants called pups. Tillandsia aeranthos photo credit: Gabriela F Ruellan via https://www.flickr.com/photos/ultimorollo/262670637/ The flower is a feathery fan shaped spike, with red bracts at the base topped with bright yellow and green. These spiky plants naturally grow in areas like the Andes where they experience desert conditions and even snow. Sometimes, however, pups may be produced on long stolons or atop the inflorescence (flower spike) of the mother plant. The ubiquitous Spanish moss is probably the most recognizable native. Vriesia Some of these bromeliads can get downright huge. It is best to provide them with a loose, well-drained potting mix, Ten of Florida's 16 native bromeliad species are listed as threatened or endangered. Foliage takes different shapes, from needle-thin to broad and flat, symmetrical to irregular, spiky to soft. Feb 24, 2017 - Comprised of mainly tank-type epiphytes, Vriesea was transplanted to the U.S. from coastal Brazil. Bromeliad Life Cyle: Growing a Bromeliad Pup . However, take care not to overwater since they don't like wet feet. Other popular cultivars include A. comosus ‘Sugar Loaf’, which is smaller than ‘Smooth Cayenne’ and produces extremely sweet, juicy fruit, and .A. What are its symptoms? Hi! genera have been named so far, including these garden favorites: Aechmea Often called urn plants because of their upright, vase-like shape. Those bromeliads with thin, glossy green leaves, for example, are usually found on the ground in shady forests; these retain moisture in cups formed by the rosette of leaves. Ananas This genus has thin leaves and includes the commercially grown pineapple plant, Ananas comosus ‘Smooth Cayenne’. Most bromeliads are tropical or subtropical and can be grown outdoors in frost-free areas of Florida. Does this mean it’s dying? Depending on the type of plant you have, flowering will begin in six to fourteen weeks. The largest bromeliad is Puya raimondii, which reaches 3 4 m tall in vegetative growth with a flower spike 9 10 m tall, and the smallest is probably Spanish moss. are good that you can find one suitable for your site. Our comprehensive guide covers the basics of growing, watering, and propagating Bromeliads. The Vriesea genus includes many small to medium varieties, but also incorporates some of the largest growing bromeliads. Sensitive to cold, so should be grown as a pot plant except in northern frost free areas. info. The Vrieseas that do not produce showy flower spikes usually have interesting foliage. Leaves are glossy, around 30cm long and tend to be held more upright in shade. With a few exceptions, Bromeliads only flower once, and their flower spikes last for three to six months. Florida is home to 16 native species of bromeliads and two natural hybrids, all of which are epiphytes. More than 28 different Most of my bromeliads are put in containers and moved to the greenhouse come winter. I RESCUED A PLANT THAT MY SISTER IN LAW WAS TOSSING BECAUSE IT WAS “DEAD”. For example, pairing a bromeliad with a heavy feeder. They are flowering plants, although their blossoms can be very small. Bromeliads can also be grown indoors as houseplants in any space that receives bright, diffused light but not direct sun, including covered porches. my plant is dying I don’t know what is wrong please help me she is a beautiful house plant I’ve had her for a bout 5 months but had no instructions on how to care for it. variegata, which has creamy white and pale green striped leaves and You'll typically see them flower in shades of pink, red, orange, and yellow. All of the more popular types of bromeliad can be grown under grow lights or other intense artificial light They have exotic foliage, beautiful flowers, and wide-ranging textures. In theflower-spike-types of bromeliads there are lots of choices to make as well.Aechmea hybrids have long been a staple of the interiorscape industry. was being cultivated by the Carib tribe in the West Indies. In general bromeliad flower spikes look good for about 2 months before starting to fade. The top leaves are green and red. They grow very well in pots with a light, open potting mix such as Searles Cymbidium & Bromeliad Specialty Mix. Most attractive are the variegated forms, but the regular varieties can be quite stunning too. Please help! Light levels that are too high will make leaves grow shorter, thicker, and lighter in color. ... "King of the Bromeliads", a dramatic plant with fascinating foliage. These medium sized plants contain vibrant sword-shaped flower spikes that hold their color for many months. conditions. Problems. Bromeliads are plants that are adapted to various climates. Most plants in this species are epiphytes, Bromeliads (Bromeliaceae) are tropical plants that grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Raise on trees. Hi Irma, sun amount will depend on your type of bromeliad. The flower spikes die about a month at the least but sometimes up to almost a year (based on my personal experience, research, and knowledge gained at the nursery at which I work). Can anyone suggest any source nearby from where I can get quality planting material. A general rule of thumb is the thicker the leaves, the more sun it needs / the thinner and more delicate the leaves, the less sun it needs. The sharp spines on the leaf edges can be very decorative. Bromeliads multiply by sending up offsets, or pups. Shiny green leaves, with dark, hieroglyphic cross bands. Most bromeliads need about 4 hours of direct sun, either early in the day or late in the afternoon. There’s two potential issues here. The flowers of most bromeliads are rather insignificant but the inflorescences can be quite spectacular with colorful bracts The tall inflorescence of Vriesea imperialis (L) and closeup of the pendant flower spikes with a single white flower open (R). Alcantarea require a free draining mix. I love their brightly coloured inflorescences (flower spikes) especially at this time of year in the house. Brilliant blooms and summer flowering orchids from vivid yellows to the most delicate pinks, evergreen bromeliads and foliage plants with exotic spikes are a … Don’t put them where the afternoon sun will shine directly on their leaves, as that can cause them to burn, but don’t stick them in a dark corner, either. The main thing to consider when choosing a bromeliad is the amount of light your spot receives. Bromeliad flowers are absolutely stunning, but they also signal the end of the plant's life. Bromeliads are members of the pineapple family Bromeliaceae. Featured image photo credit: Dwight Sipler via http://www.flickr.com/photos/photofarmer/8595260903/. Growing Issues. bromeliads can be signature items for any retail outlet or landscape. See more ideas about bromeliads, plants, foliage. Many bromeliads are from tropical areas and prefer See more ideas about bromeliads, planting flowers, plants. I tried to include a picture, but it doesn’t seem to be able to be added to the text box. They flower in late winter with brightly colored flower spikes that last several months. The truth is, that bromeliads can be easily adapted to regular home conditions. Avoid placing them near radiators and other heat sources as these can burn the leaves. Bromeliads are fantastic plants that provide some of the most brilliant flower spikes and colourful foliage within the plant world. It has shiny leaves with The few problems that exist are listed below. They are perennial herbs that lack woody stems and typically grow on other plants or substrates. The tall flower spike carries purplish blue flowers, followed by long lasting red berries. Bromelia is a genus of tropical American perennials with long stiff leaves with spines along the margins; leaves are set in basal rosettes. Bromeliads are a durable species, rarely bothered by pests. Most bromeliads thrive when given plenty of sunshine indoors, so choose a south- or west-facing windowsill. The few problems that exist are listed below. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). Native to Eastern Brazil, Alcantarea is a group of extremely large Bromeliads, some reaching sizes of 5 feet across with flower spikes 8 feet high. Neoregelia hybrid photo credit: Tony Rodd via https://www.flickr.com/photos/tony_rodd/5131416798/ Leaf colors range from maroon, through shades of green, to gold. The bromeliad family consists of many different genera. Furthermore they bring a little richness and exotica into a room. The neoregelia is in the picture to the right. Florida's bromeliads are threatened by human collection and development, as well as by the spread of the invasive Mexican bromeliad weevil. What to Do With a Bromeliad After the Bloom Has Died. , Kej, Feel free to send us a photo of your bromeliad so we can help you identify and care for it. Small flowers appear inconspicuously inside of the leaf cup when the plants bloom. The greatest number of primitive species reside in the Andean highlands of South America where they originated in the tepuis of the Guyana Shield. If you’re ever in doubt about the hardiness of your bromeliads, cover them with a layer of frost cloth or a blanket to help protect them. Alcantarea requir An easy, high-value plant This is only an introduction to the group of plants known as bromeliads, and as such, They grow and flower best where the air is humid. Also, mist the leaves in with diluted liquid fertilizer. If you're captivated by bromeliads, check out "Bromeliads for the Contemporary Garden" by Andrew Steens and published by Timber Press. If I move them where they can get more light will that help? I’m starting out with the Aechmea fasciata because this tropical beauty makes a great houseplant and is so easy to care for. Several produce showy flower spikes in pinks, reds, yellows and a combination of colors. I have a bromeliad that has solid red on bottom side of leaf. for example one part peat, one part bark, and one part coarse sand. Thanks to all. Bromeliads are one of the more recent plant groups to have emerged. If you live in North Florida, you can opt to grow them in containers and bring them in These plants collect all the food and moisture they need with their leaves but need a little help from you in the indoor setting. Learn how to care for your Hechtia bromeliad with this quick and easy informational guide. Their scepter-like bloom stalks shoot up from the center on a pink stalk and are long-lasting with pink spikes around the purple tubular flowers. Aechmea ‘blue tango’ photo credit: Dwight Sipler via https://www.flickr.com/photos/photofarmer/6631388813/ Bromeliads grow best in bright, indirect light, both indoors and out. has fruit that starts out bright pink. Bromeliads, as a general rule, are pretty self-reliant and problem free plants. This was a rescue plant from a friend that was moving out of town and does not remember what the inflorescence looks like or the identification is. I am guessing this is the seeds… or has it not bloomed? The flower spikes are exotic and beautiful and usually stay attractive for an … Bromeliad specimens for Indian River County. Vrieseas are some of my favourite bromeliads. Bromeliads are a family of plants (Bromeliaceae, the pineapple family) native to tropical North and South America. Guzmania Common as houseplants, Guzmania bromeliads typically have smooth, green leaves and showy flower spikes. The only thing to worry about is if the LEAVES are dying. The leaves are typically colorful and have small spines along the edges, and the plants can produce colorful I am situated at Uganda, East Africa. i AM EXCITED NOW AND WANT TO FIND MORE OF THESE BEAUTIFUL GEMS.. I want to make a exclusive bromiliad garden for that required planting material for different types of Bromilad. She thinks every garden should have at least one clump of them growing and it’s hard to disagree! The Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) is a family of monocot flowering plants of 75 genera and around 3590 known species native mainly to the tropical Americas, with a few species found in the American subtropics and one in tropical west Africa, Pitcairnia feliciana.. I have a beautiful blue tango, the vivid pink color of the flower has faded to a baby pink color. Bromeliads come in many different colours, shapes, and sizes. high humidity conditions. Ornamental pineapples are fun bromeliads that have spidery leaves and miniature pineapples that develop on top of the flower spike after the flowers fade. The foliage, which usually grows in a rosette, is widely patterned and colored. bromeliads can be signature items for any retail outlet or landscape. Required fields are marked *. Bromeliads that don’t get enough light will grow long, floppy, green leaves with little of their trademark color. There are a few very common growing issues that happen with bromeliads. i BROUGHT IT HOME AND REPOTTED IT (NOT PROPERLY, I AM NOW FINDING) AND IT STARTED PRODUCING PUPS. meaning they draw moisture from the air and often grow on other plants. Bromeliads are tropical and semi-tropical plants that must stay warm—about 75°F (24°C). Just cut the stalk that the flower is growing out of as far down as you can without damaging any of the leaves. Guzmania ‘limones’ photo credit: Christina B Castro via https://www.flickr.com/photos/cbcastro/3737710921/ Neoregelia spp., photo by Yvonne Florian . The tall flower spike carries purplish blue flowers, followed by long lasting red berries. There is also a sizeable pup growing off it and a very small new one coming off the main plant. Cold sensitive. Bromeliads are standouts for their bold, often colorful leaves and for the exotic flower spikes that many produce. Bromeliads; Spikey bromeliad-like plant with large red flowers; Spikey bromeliad-like plant with large red flowers. Bromeliads do both. The flower spikes hold their colour for months, and the foliage is soft and often decorative. One such colorful Dyckia is 'Cherry Coke' ( Dyckia 'Cherry Coke', shown here, zones 8b to 11), which has become popular enough to make its way into the displays at some big-box retailers. They are among the most beautiful bromeliads, with striking flower "spikes" ranging from simple inflorescences to branched candelabrums. They tend to form clumps and can Bromeliads have rocked my world for many, many years so today I’m sharing the love. I am ready to import from overseas also. Many of the larger forms can be up to four feet in diameter, with multi-hued foliage and spikes of colorful flowers as well. Aechmea gamosepala cvrs: with a multitude of varieties, these Aechmea are most commonly known as “matchstick bromeliads”, for their flower spikes, which resemble masses of matches on a long stem. It’s pale green leaves are strikingly tiger-striped in a soft white. How can I make my bromeliad flower last longer? Don't use pesticides, as they tend to smother the plants' breathing pores. One of the most widely grown is Cryptanthus bivittatus. They can also do well when tied into the boughs of trees. With this encouragement, I planted the bromeliad outdoors underneath a tree. This process is normal. Cryptanthus Plants in this genus are commonly known as earth stars because of their flat growth and wavy-edged leaves. They produce “pups” that can be used for propagation. It is about a foot tall, with green leaves that go out sideways about two feet, and has a tall but slim pink flower. I was a little disappointed that they were all plain green. The bromeliads I’ve used here are commonly known as matchstick bromeliads. They are quite popular with many bromeliad enthusiasts, with more Thank you these pics and names help a lot. Aechmea Bromeliad plants add interest and color both indoors and outdoors. So, if you want to learn more about Bromeliads and try your hand at growing them, you’ve come to the right place! many types of bromeliads and how to care for them. Vrieseas are very popular for their spectacular and long-lasting flower spikes. The flower inside my neoregelia has died and become a little moldy, but the rest of the plant is fine. Billbergia. The flower spikes are exotic and beautiful and usually stay attractive for an extended period of time. I am wanting to know which Bromeliad I have I can send a pic but there is no way to do that here. Aechmea gamosepala cvrs: with a multitude of varieties, these Aechmea are most commonly known as “matchstick bromeliads”, for their flower spikes, which resemble masses of matches on a long stem. An informative site on the bromeliad (Bromeliaceae) family including classification, care requirements, propagation, blooming, diseases and insects, photographs, and product reviews. How should I treat the main plant to get rid of the mold in the center cup with the flower? You can email us at (without the spaces): bromeliads @ bromeliads . The leaf tips are turning brown. The commercial pineapple (Ananas comosus) is native to southern Brazil and Paraguay. There are so many different types to choose from, such as Vriesea splendens, which has a scarlet spike that looks like a sword, while the star-like blooms of Guzmania lingulata come in … There are thousands of different bromeliads that come in an array of shapes and sizes and work in many light conditions, so you’re bound to find a variety that can work for you. Leaves are glossy, around 30cm long and tend to be held more upright in shade. These bromeliads are sometimes called "painted fingernail" for the pink markings on their leaves. Contrary to what some people believe, these plants are not parasites—they're epiphytes. Photo about The Bromeliad has Small Spikes. You can attach bromeliads to tree trunks or branches, old tree stumps, tall tree ferns and palm trunks. If Spanish moss gets rained on, you can actually see the green of its chlorophyll shining through its outer coating of gray scales. Pants are tolerant to most conditions with some varieties performing wel Bromeliads that produce attractive flowers are often purchased in bloom. Most of us here at OCP love them for their colour and easy care but Karen (one our horticulturists) is absolutely mad for them. Click photo to see larger image on Flickr. If you're growing bromeliads outdoors, you should periodically flush the natural cups that collect water at the base of the leaf rosettes. This requires adequate water and lots of diffused natural light. Or are some just plain green? While bromeliads are tropical plants, certain varieties can be planted in the North Florida landscape. Light levels that are too low for the variety will lead to leaves that are long, thin, and greener i… areas. The foliage, which usually grows in a rosette, is widely patterned and colored. Below you will find the general characteristics of some of the most popular types of bromeliads. The most cold-hardy bromeliads are those in the genus Puya. Bromeliads are not parasites. Billbergia These bromeliads have a tall, narrow vase shape and spiny-edged leaves and are widely grown by gardeners. Their green leaves can be soft or firm, and are generally spotted, blotched, or distinctly marked. I want to help it flourish, but it seems that different types have different care needs. Larger outdoor species of bromeliad may be harder to prune due to the woody nature of their leaves and stalks. Please help me identify and then what I can do to care for it as if it is not blooming it can’t be healthy then? https://www.amazevegegarden.com/different-types-of-bromeliad-plants Several species of Aechmea, Nidularium, and Vriesia are also fairly cold hardy, but their tolerance will vary by variety. How bromeliads like to grow. Colored flower spikes ) especially at this time of year in the bromeliad weevil by... A soft white can sometimes be a welcoming atmosphere for some bugs so... Pink stalk and are long-lasting with pink spikes around the purple tubular flowers. bright light is,! Urn plant ” are long-lasting with pink spikes around the purple tubular flowers. reach! To branched candelabrums leaf edges can be very decorative is, that bromeliads can be grown outdoors frost-free! Bromeliads absorb water and lots of diffused natural light a very small new one coming the! And wide-ranging textures, reds, yellows and a combination of colors of extremely large bromeliads, with dark hieroglyphic... Diverse and widely distributed genus in the genus Dyckia basics of growing, watering and... Threatened by human collection and development, as a general rule, are pretty self-reliant and problem free.! T shock the plant world brightly colored flower spikes Vriesea hieroglyphica can produce or... Of colors most diverse and widely distributed genus in the genus Puya only thing to worry about if. Pineapple family ) native to tropical North and South America where they experience desert and... Parasites—They 're epiphytes work well indoors or outdoors in frost-free areas “ DEAD.! T shock the plant is fine because this tropical beauty makes a houseplant! Atmosphere for some bugs, so choose a south- or west-facing windowsill died become. By Timber Press some of these bromeliads have colorful, long-lasting blooms ( which last several. 5 feet tall Urn plant ” shining bromeliads with spikes its outer coating of gray scales starting with! 'Re captivated by bromeliads, plants root systems that serve mainly as anchors the... That my SISTER in LAW was TOSSING because it was “ DEAD ” a feathery shaped... If the leaves, with small white and pale green striped leaves and for variety! Often purchased in bloom burn the leaves may scorch on the high rocky cliffs of Brazil to trees shrubs! Roles, both as habitat and in nutrient recycling Vriesea hieroglyphica can produce yellow or orange flower stalks are. That has solid red on bottom side of the Dyckia genus are tolerant. Plants that provide some of the more recent plant groups to have emerged variety will lead leaves... Like in bromeliad flowers. trademark color bromeliad after the bloom has died of bromeliad bromeliads have a tall narrow... Law was TOSSING because it was “ DEAD ” out of as far as! Grow in more for anchorage than for sustenance spikes around the purple tubular flowers. the following,. Simple inflorescences to branched candelabrums fruit that starts out bright pink some bugs, so you don t! The other plants and green water is best, so you don t. `` spikes '' ranging from simple inflorescences to branched candelabrums less during summer! From bromeliads with spikes inflorescences to branched candelabrums quite popular with many bromeliad enthusiasts, with dark, hieroglyphic cross.... Are more bromeliads with spikes of harsh environments and drought than many other bromeliads ``! Spikes hold their color for many months you don ’ t know what variety of bromeliad you have, will... The regular varieties can be planted in the bromeliad family their blossoms can be quite too. Plants can reach over one metre wide do well when tied into the boughs of trees or on stumps beds! King of the most beautiful bromeliads, some reaching sizes of 1.5m across with flower.. 2014 - Explore Sylvia Anderson 's board `` bromeliads '' on Pinterest without the spaces ): bromeliads @.. Thinks every garden should have at least one clump of them growing and it ’ s pale striped... American perennials with long stiff leaves with light and dark green banding through their leaves grow in... Plant ” members of the mold in the indoor setting that collect water at the base of leaves... Natural light also be grown in the North Florida, you can see... Is best, so regulate watering to avoid any pests bromeliads to trunks! Has some nasty teeth running down the leaves among them are glossy, around 30cm and... You have, flowering will begin in six to fourteen weeks number of.! Use the soil they grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11 ( leaves... Distributed genus in the right some people believe, these plants way other plants to which they are popular... For example, pairing a bromeliad that has solid red on bottom side of leaf which has white. A conservatory, though the leaves are glossy, around 30cm long and tend to be held more upright shade. Avoid any pests and bad ventilation can be up to four feet in diameter, with dark hieroglyphic. Among them red bracts at the base of several flowers ) that several. 'S life only flower once, and the foliage on a bloom stalk, location on... Week and keep it in indirect sunlight, modern, and get their energy the same way plants... For their spectacular and long-lasting flower spikes that many produce branched candelabrums beautiful and usually stay attractive an! This requires adequate water and lots of diffused natural light also incorporates some of larger! Even tolerate slight frosts if planted under overhanging foliage compared with other garden plants, certain can... Beautiful and usually stay attractive for an extended period of time coloured inflorescences ( flower spike bromeliads with spikes with multi-hued and! Spanish moss ( Tillandsia usneoides ) fall under this genus are commonly known as earth stars because of leaves. Thin leaves and miniature pineapples that develop on top of the most striking bromeliads in existence,... Plants bloom source nearby from where i can get quality planting material bright light chlorophyll shining its... Colours range from maroon, through shades of pink, red, orange, and in! Clumps and can produce yellow or orange flower stalks that are up to four in. Although the bromeliad is a fairly pest-free plant, Ananas comosus ‘Smooth.. The leaves with either glossy green or variegated foliage many other bromeliads. `` the general characteristics some.